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Carnelian intaglio ca 700-800 A.D. in modern gold setting.The depiction of this eagle is born out of the Roman Imperial eagle where the stance of the bird had movement, while here it is transformed into a banner like two dimensional heraldic stance.
Frankish or North Italian perhaps pre Holy Roman Empire. In around 1250 a double headed eagle became the banner for the Holy Roman Empire and therefore this would predate that.
The Holy Roman Empire explicitly proclaimed itself to be the successor of the Western Roman Empire, and remolded itself with all the past glories, and symbols of ancient Rome into the new European state.
Size of bezel;16 x 14 mm Ring size; “M” = US “6+1/2 weight 16.9 grams
In Greek mythology Zeus is often depicted with an eagle / THE AETOS DIOS was a giant, golden eagle which served as Zeus’ personal messenger and animal companion. According to some, the eagle was once a mortal king named Periphas, whose virtuous rule was so celebrated that he was came to be honored like a god. Zeus, in anger, would have smote him with a thunderbolt, but Apollo intervened and, transforming the king into an eagle, set him beside the throne of Zeus. /
The Romans embedded Greek culture into their own and the eagle became the symbol of the military might of Rome.